April 22, 2020
In addition to all of the employment-related COVID issues that receive a lot of press, there are also some lesser known issues that have to be considered. A few are described here and we will continue to bring similar issues to your attention.
- Employment of Minors
The Maine DOL has reminded us that even though schools are not open right now, and probably will not be through the remainder of the school year, the work rules pertaining to minors still apply because school is still considered to be in session. Here is a summary of the rules applying to work by minors:
Minors under 16 years old (A work permit is required, even if working in a parent owned business):
- Work Hours (may work)
- Between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. during the school year
- Between 7 a.m. and 9 p.m. during summer vacations only
- Not during school hours
- Maximum Hours (may work)
- 3 hours a day on school days, including Fridays
- 18 hours in any week during a school week
- 40 hours in a week with no school
- 8 hours on days without school (during weekends, holidays, vacations, storm days, etc.)
- No more than 6 days in a row
16- and 17-Year Old Workers (enrolled in school, including home-school):
- Work hours (may work)
- After 7 a.m. on a school day
- After 5 a.m. on a non-school day
- Until 10:15 p.m. on a day before a school day
- Until midnight if no school the next day
- Minors under 17 may NOT work during school hours
- Maximum hours (may work)
- 6 hours on a school day
- 8 hours on the last school day of the week – there are some exceptions for co-op (work-study) students, and students with an alternative education plan with a work component.
- 10 hours a day on weekends, holidays, vacations, teacher workshops
- 24 hours a week in any week with 3 or more school days.
- 50 hours a week each week there are less than 3 scheduled school days or during 1st and last week of school year.
- May NOT work more than 6 days in a row.
- Students enrolled in an approved alternative education plan or an approved cooperative/vocational education program can work the daily or weekly hours required for the program without having those hours count toward the regular maximums allowed. For example, a 17-year-old student could work 15 hours under a cooperative/vocational education plan plus the 24 hours that the law would normally allow for a student under 18 years old.
The DOL also reminds us that minors cannot work in occupations that are considered hazardous by the Maine Department of Labor and or U.S. Department of Labor.
This information is accurate as of April 22, 2020, and is subject to change based on any new legislation.