To Party or Not to Party: CDC Guidelines on Holiday Gatherings in a Time of COVID
This is typically the time when businesses begin to plan for their holiday celebration for employees. Before COVID, most holiday gatherings took the form of an office get-together. Whether at the business, a restaurant, bar, or somewhere similar, things need to be different this year.
A holiday celebration may certainly help with employee morale in this stressful time. It may also actually cause unintended stress. It could certainly open the employer to exposures (legal and health-related), bad PR, and the like.
To recognize all of that, the CDC recently issued holiday guidance, available on their website. As an initial matter, the CDC recommends that employers review prior COVID guidance entitled “Considerations for Events and Gatherings.” This guidance sets forth various factors to consider in assessing risk.
- Community levels of COVID-19 spread, with consideration given to the number and rate of cases in the area
- The location of the gathering (i.e. indoors v. outdoors)
- Expected duration
- The number of people expected
- Locations attendees travel from
- Behaviors of attendees both before and during the gathering
Here, the CDC reminds us to consult applicable state and local health department laws, rules, and regulations. The CDC generally recommends that events be outdoors if possible. Employers should ask employees to bring additional supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer.
Employers must ensure that any indoor space not be crowded, poorly ventilated, or fully enclosed. Even that employers consider asking attendees to “strictly avoid contact with people outside of their household for 14 days before the gathering.”
The CDC Commented on Activities that May Occur During The Gathering
It noted that activities such as “singing, chanting, or shouting” be avoided as they have been identified as creating an increased risk of transmission. It reiterated that holiday outfits should not be worn at the expense of proper face coverings. If food and drink are served at the event, employers should take into account the risk of contact transmission. Consider avoiding potluck-style meals or self-service food stations.
One interesting twist to the CDC’s recommendation is a limitation on permitting an employee deemed ineligible to enter the workplace, such as those in quarantine due to potential exposures or higher risk activities during travel be excluded from in-person attendance at company-sponsored holiday gatherings.
In addition, it recommends that people identified as those at increased risk of developing severe illness from COVID, such as older people and those with certain underlying health conditions, including pregnancy, be excluded from the gathering. From a legal perspective, such exclusions from company-sponsored activities could result in a claim of discrimination.
In addition to the potential for discrimination claims from such events, employers must be careful not to violate CDC recommendations, those from the state, and local governmental entities. Employers may also want to consider the potential negative publicity that such a gathering could create as has been in the news lately. Especially if not all employees strictly comply with distancing and masking rules.